Saturday, October 16, 2010

Bang table from Atomic Rocket webpage

The following has been borrowed from: Atomic Rocket



Boom Table

Note in the table below, there is some controversy over the exact values of some of these figures. Note also that the largest SI prefix is "yotta-" which is 1 x 1024. For TNT equivalent, the energy of one gram of TNT was arbitrarily standardized by scientists to exactly 4184 joules (1000 thermochemical calories).

0.0 x 1000 Joules: Big Bang (interpretation one)
1.0 x 1002 J: Firecracker
1.4 x 1003 J: kinetic energy of a 3.5 g AK-74 bullet fired at 900 m/s
3.3 x 1003 J: kinetic energy of a 9.33 g NATO rifle cartridge fired at 838 m/s
4.184 x 1003 J: 1 gram TNT equivalent = 1 microton of TNT
1.3 x 1005 J: Anti-personnel land mine (31 grams TNT charge)
2.1 x 1005 J: Single round of depleted uranium from an A-10 Warthog's GAU-8 rotating cannon (1,800 rpm) = 50 grams TNT equivalent
8.4 x 1005 J: 1 stick TNT (200 grams)
9.5 x 1005 J: Hand grenade (226 grams of TNT charge)
4.184 x 1006 J: 1 kilogram TNT equivalent = 1 milliton of TNT
6.1 x 1006 J: 120mm Tank Gun KE Ammunition (KEW-A1) = 1.4 kilogram TNT equivalent
2.1 x 1007 J: Anti-tank mine (5 kg TNT charge)
3.9 x 1007 J: Impact energy of proposed Navy 64 megajoule railgun
1.2 x 1008 J: 1 gallon of gasoline = 28 kilograms TNT equivalent
1.8 x 1008 J: 1 microgram of antimatter + 1 microgram of matter = 43 kilograms TNT equivalent
5.3 x 1008 J: Battleship Iowa 16 inch shell with 54 kg high explosive charge = 127 kilograms TNT equivalent
1.9 x 1009 J: Tomahawk cruise missile (TLAM-C) = 454 kilograms TNT equivalent
4.184 x 1009 J: 1 ton TNT equivalent
8.4 x 1009 J: Oklahoma City bombing = 0.002 kiloton = 2 tons TNT equivalent
2.0 x 1010 J: Average lightning bolt = 4.8 tons TNT equivalent
3.6 x 1010 J: Average tornado = 8.6 TNT equivalent
4.2 x 1010 J: Davy Crockett tactical nuclear weapon = 0.01 kiloton = 10 tons TNT equivalent
5.0 x 1010 J: yield energy of a MOAB (Massive Ordnance Air Blast) bomb, the most powerful non-nuclear weapon ever designed = 12 tons TNT
1.8 x 1011 J: 1 milligram of antimatter + 1 milligram of matter = 43 tons TNT equivalent
4.184 x 1012 J: 1 kiloton
3.6 x 1013 J: energy released by an average thunderstorm = 9 kilotons
4.6 x 1013 J: Relativistic weapon: 1 gram at 75% c = 11 kilotons
6.3 x 1013 J: 1 Hiroshima "Little Boy" = 15 kilotons
8.8 x 1013 J: Nagasaki "Fat Man" = 21 kilotons
1.2 x 1014 J: Relativistic weapon: 1 gram at 90% c = 29 kilotons
1.8 x 1014 J: 1 gram of antimatter + 1 gram of matter = 43 kilotons
4.2 x 1014 J: W76 warhead = 100 kilotons
5.5 x 1014 J: Relativistic weapon: 1 gram at 99% c = 132 kilotons
6.0 x 1014 J: energy released by an average hurricane in one second = 143 kilotons/sec
1.3 x 1015 J: W87 warhead = 300 kilotons
1.4 x 1015 J: Earthquake 6.9 on the Richter scale = 338 kilotons
1.9 x 1015 J: Relativistic weapon: 1 gram at 99.9% c = 454 kilotons
2.0 x 1015 J: W88 warhead = 475 kilotons
2.0 x 1015 J: Earthquake 7.0 on the Richter scale = 477 kilotons
2.1 x 1015 J: Ivy King device = 500 kilotons (largest pure fission device ever made)
4.184 x 1015 J: 1 megaton = 67 Hiroshimas
5.0 x 1015 J: B83 nuclear bomb = up to 1.2 megatons (most powerful U.S. weapon in active service)
6.3 x 1015 J: Relativistic weapon: 1 gram at 99.99% c = 1.5 megatons
1.5 x 1016 J: 1 Barringer Meteor Crater = 3.5 megatons
3.8 x 1016 J: B53 nuclear bomb = 9 megatons (most powerful US warhead; no longer in active service)
4.4 x 1016 J: Eniwetok = 10.4 megatons
4.6 x 1016 J: Relativistic weapon: 1 kilogram at 75% c = 11 megatons
6.3 x 1016 J: Castle Bravo device (Bikini Atoll) = 15 megatons (most powerful US test)
6.3 x 1016 J: 1 Tunguska event = 15 megatons = 4.3 Barringer Meteor Craters
6.3 x 1016 J: Earthquake 8.0 on the Richter scale = 15 megatons
1.1 x 1017 J: 1 "city killer" = 25 megatons
1.1 x 1017 J: B41 bomb = up to 25 megatons (most powerful US bomb; no longer in active service)
1.1 x 1017 J: Mount St. Helens = 25 megatons = 1.6 Tunguskas
1.2 x 1017 J: Relativistic weapon: 1 kilogram at 90% c = 29 megatons
1.3 x 1017 J: energy released by an average hurricane in one day = 31 megatons/day
1.7 x 1017 J: total energy from the Sun that strikes the face of the Earth each second = 42 megatons/sec
1.8 x 1017 J: 1 kilogram of antimatter + 1 kilogram of matter = 43 megatons
2.1 x 1017 J: Tsar Bomba device = 50 megatons (USSR, most powerful nuclear test ever)
2.7 x 1017 J: Star Trek photon torpedo = 1.5 kg antimatter + 1.5 kg matter = 64.3 megatons
3.6 x 1017 J: Earthquake 8.5 on the Richter scale = 85 megatons
5.0 x 1017 J: Earthquake 8.6 on the Richter scale = 120 megatons
5.5 x 1017 J: Relativistic weapon: 1 kilogram at 99% c = 132 megatons
6.3 x 1017 J: 1 Krakatoa = 150 megatons = 6 Mount St. Helens
7.1 x 1017 J: Earthquake 8.7 on the Richter scale = 120 megatons
1.0 x 1018 J: Earthquake 8.8 on the Richter scale = 239 megatons
1.9 x 1018 J: Relativistic weapon: 1 kilogram at 99.9% c = 454 megatons
2.0 x 1018 J: Earthquake 9.0 on the Richter scale = 477 megatons
2.5 x 1018 J: 1 Thera = 600 megatons = 6 Krakatoas
2.8 x 1018 J: Earthquake 9.1 on the Richter scale = 674 megatons
4.0 x 1018 J: Earthquake 9.2 on the Richter scale = 952 megatons
4.0 x 1018 J: energy released by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake (between 9.1 and 9.3 on the Richter scale)
4.184 x 1018 J: 1 gigaton = 1000 megatons
6.3 x 1018 J: Relativistic weapon: 1 kilogram at 99.99% c = 1.5 gigatons
1.1 x 1019 J: Earthquake 9.5 on the Richter scale = 3 gigatons
1.8 x 1020 J: 1 metric ton of antimatter + 1 metric ton of matter = 43 gigatons
4.184 x 1021 J: 1 teraton = 1000 gigatons = 1e6 megatons
1.5 x 1022 J: total energy from the Sun that strikes the face of the Earth each day = 4 teratons/day
2.5 x 1022 J: 1 Shoemaker-Levy = 6 teratons = 10,000 Theras
2.0 x 1023 J: Solar flare = 48 teratons
3.4 x 1023 J: 1 Dinosaur Killer = 8e7 megatons = 80,000 gigatons = 80 teratons = 13 Shoemaker-Levys
5.0 x 1023 J: 1 Chicxulub Crater = 120 teratons = 20 Shoemaker-Levys
3.0 x 1024 J: 1 Wilkes Land crater = 720 teratons = 6 Chicxulub Craters
4.184 x 1024 J: 1 petaton = 1000 teratons
5.5 x 1024 J: total energy from the Sun that strikes the face of the Earth each year = 1 petaton/year
3.2 x 1026 J: Energy required blow off Terra's atmosphere = 77 petatons
3.9 x 1026 J: total energy output of the Sun each second = 92 petatons/sec
6.6 x 1026 J: Energy required to heat all the oceans of Terra to boiling = 158 petatons
4.184 x 1027 J: 1 exaton = 1000 petatons
4.5 x 1027 J: Energy required to vaporize all the oceans of Terra = 1 exaton
7.0 x 1027 J: Energy required to vaporize all the oceans of Terra and dehydrate the crust = 2 exatons
2.9 x 1028 J: Energy required to melt the (dry) crust of Terra = 7 exatons
1.0 x 1029 J: Energy required blow off Terra's oceans = 24 exatons
2.1 x 1029 J: Earth's rotational energy = 50 exatons
1.5 x 1030 J: Energy required blow off Terra's crust = 359 exatons
4.184 x 1030 J: 1 zettaton = 1000 exatons
2.9 x 1031 J: Energy required to blow up Terra (reduce to gravel orbiting the sun) = 7 zettatons
3.3 x 1031 J: total energy output of the Sun each day = 8 zettatons/day
5.9 x 1031 J: Energy required to blow up Terra (reduce to gravel flying out of former orbit) = 14 zettatons
2.9 x 1032 J: Energy required to blow up Terra (reduce to gravel and move pieces to infinity) = 69 zettatons
4.184 x 1033 J: 1 yottaton = 1000 zettatons
1.2 x 1034 J: total energy output of the Sun each year = 3 yottatons/year
4.184 x 1036 J: 1 x 1027 tons = 1000 yottatons
6.0 x 1037 J: Nova Persei = 1.4 x 1028 tons
1.2 x 1038 J: total energy output of the Sun in ten thousand years = 2.9 x 1028 tons/deca-millennium
4.184 x 1039 J: 1 x 1030 tons = 1,000,000 yottatons
1.0 x 1040 J: one second's worth of output from a quasar = 2.0 x 1030 tons/sec
1.0 x 1042 J: Energy in photons from a type I supernova = 0.01 foe = 2.7 x 1032 tons
4.184 x 1042 J: 1 x 1033 tons = 1,000,000,000 yottatons
3.0 x 1043 J: Energy needed to make the local superbubble (Supernova Geminga) = 0.3 foe = 7.0 x 1033 tons
1.0 x 1044 J: 1 Foe (ten to the Fifty-One Ergs, unit of supernova strength)
1.0 x 1044 J: Energy in neutrinos from a type I supernova = 1 foe = 2.4 x 1034 tons
1.3 x 1044 J: Total radiant energy from the Sun (approximately ten billion years worth) = 3.1 x 1034 tons/solar lifetime
3.0 x 1044 J: Energy in photons from a type II supernova = 1.3 foes = 7.2 x 1034 tons
1.0 x 1045 J: Gamma-ray burster = 10 foes = 2.4 x 1035 tons
4.184 x 1045 J: 1 x 1036 tons = 1,000,000,000,000 yottatons = 41.84 foes
1.0 x 1046 J: Energy in photons from a hypernova = 100 foes = 2.0 x 1036 tons
3.0 x 1046 J: Energy in neutrinos from a type II supernova = 300 foes = 7.0 x 1036 tons
1.0 x 1048 J: Energy in neutrinos from a hypernova = 10,000 foes = 2.4 x 1038 tons
4.184 x 1048 J: 1 x 1039 tons = 1,000,000,000,000,000 yottatons = 41,840 foes
3.0 x 1069 J: Big Bang (interpretation two)

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